100 Years of Collecting – Art

June 2, 2020 – March 7, 2021, Memory Hall

“Ultimately, a generous collection can be accumulated from the undoubtedly huge aggregate of interesting relics now in private ownership throughout the country… So one hundred years from now such letters, documents or objects will add to the value and interest of the collection.” – Jay M. Lee, WWI artilleryman & Chairman of the Trophies Committee for the Museum, November 1925

How does a museum collection begin? Where do you start? How do you continue? How do you determine what should/shouldn’t become a part of a collection? Can a collection ever become complete?

That National WWI Museum and Memorial started amassing objects and documents from the First World War in 1920 and has continually addressed these questions ever since.

100 Years of Collecting - Art provides the opportunity to view diverse works collected in the past century from across the world and is presented in conjunction with 100 Years of Collecting in Exhibit Hall.

A common assertion among historians is that “art and war are old companions.” Jules Andre Smith, one of eight official war artists of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), wrote: “When war poses for its picture it will sit with hands folded for those who wish it to, or it will strut with clanking sword, or pose as a mother of mercy, or the invading barbarian, or the valiant hero, or the cringing coward, or better yet, a composite of all of these enveloped in a fury of sound and sight and horror.”

Though the Museum and Memorial has focused on World War I material culture since the establishment of the collection, it has amassed significant works of art from around the globe. Percy Moran, nephew of famed landscape artist Thomas Moran, created a work in 1923 of General John J. Pershing at the Tomb of Lafayette. This visit, on July 4, 1917, soon after the first Americans arrived in Paris, was to honor Lafayette’s gallant assistance in the American Revolution.

A striking piece from an unknown artist in 1915 was done after the sinking of the Lusitania on May 7, 1915. The watercolor shows Uncle Sam with a black eye and cuts, but rolling up his sleeves ready for a fight. The model was reportedly U.S. Senator James A. Reed from Missouri.

Additionally, Memory Hall itself boasts monumental works. The mural at the east end by noted muralist and illustrator Jules Guerin, In Memoriam, 1914 – 1918, was in place when the Museum and Memorial opened to the public in 1926 as were the painted battle maps by famed muralist and painter D. Putnam Brinley. The other murals, Liberty Memorial Site Dedication, American Women in Service and the Blue and Gold Star Mothers were created by Kansas City artist Daniel MacMorris, who was also responsible for the acquisition and reconfiguration of the Panthéon de la Guerre. Art and war are indeed old companions.

  • Watercolor on board, “World’s Heavyweight Champion,” 1915, artist unknown. The piece was done after the sinking of the Lusitania, May 7, 1915, showing Uncle Sam with a black eye and cuts, but rolling up his sleeves ready for a fight.

  • German painting, “Der Angriff” (The Attack) by Otto Mack, 1918

  • Oil painting by French artist Edmond Lesellier of a scene of a devastated landscape with a French artillery caisson and limber with horses and crew, 1918.

  • Oil painting by Kansas City artist Daniel MacMorris of Sergeant Ian MacGregor, Canadian Highland Regiment, who attended the site dedication of the Liberty Memorial on Nov. 1, 1921.

  • German 1917 painting by Karl Ahoff of a cavalry patrol and an airplane, showing the juxtaposition between the old mounted warfare and the new aerial warfare.

  • Painting by Percy Moran, 1923, nephew of famed landscape artist Thomas Moran, of General John J. Pershing at the Tomb of Lafayette.